This entry is part 1 of 1 in the series Los Angeles Homelessness Crisis
  • Los Angeles: The City for the Homeless

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The Streets of Los Angeles In Crisis: More Tents Less Houses

Recently, we have seen a spur in heretical measures curtailed to driving away homeless people from the streets, making their way into the headlines, as communities grapple with the escalating crises of people facing housing shortages, drug addiction and mental health issues. The United States GDP is an outstanding $18 trillion, if the state of California was to dissociate from the United States, it would be the eighth largest economy in the world, surpassing Italy. If you think about how much wealth America has, it would make it absurd that the country has a homelessness crisis.

How Bad Is Homelessness in The Country?

First, to paint out a clear picture of how bad it is, we need to first understand what homelessness means. A person could be said to be homeless when they lack permanent housing. Like Wikipedia puts it, “Homelessness is the condition of people lacking “a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.” According to the Annual Homelessness Assessment Report by U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), as of 2018 there were around 553,000 homeless people in the United States on a given night. This means that 0.17 percent of the total population in the United States are homeless. These are the people on the street, if we factor in people who “double up” with friends and family because they cannot afford a place of their own, you’d be surprised. Looking at these figures, I thought to myself, “These statistics must be wrong.”

Homelessness, might have escalated in the wake of the Great Recession of 2008-2009, but it’s not a decade old problem. The issue started to gain roots back in the 1870s and ever since, it has continued to pervade the society to this present day. On just one single night, January 2015, there were about 564,708 people who were considered homeless in America, a report from the National Alliance to End Homelessness notes. In California, in a single night in 2016, about 21.48 percent of the total population were homeless, in New York, about 15.7 percent of the population experienced homelessness.

Homelessness crisis seems to be spreading its roots far and wide. Even though it is a crisis that pervades every fabric of societies all around the world, this crisis seems to be a rare and an exceptional case and struggle for the United States. Among the top cities in the United States to have many homeless people, New York city ranks second with Los Angeles following closely at third position. I think there is so much work that needs to be done, the national rate of homelessness has gone down slightly from 21.5 per 10,000 people in 2007 to 17.7 per 10,000 people in 2015. The homelessness crisis among individual states continues to soar higher while the amount of affordable housing remains low.

Los Angeles In Crisis

There has been long standing battle with homeless in the California state and Los Angeles seems to be losing by every mean. California released it annual homelessness count that revealed that after a significant 4 percent drop from the years 2017 to 2018, Los Angeles’s homeless counts grew by 16 percent in 2019 which brings the post-2011 growth up to 52 percent. These statistics would be alarming for any state but for the city of Los Angeles, they are worrying given the fact that the city serves as an epicenter of a particularly brutal style of homelessness. Of the people who are homeless, about 75 percent are unsheltered which means a higher risk of typhus and typhoid among other diseases creating a public health emergency. The more people pouring into the streets of Los Angeles are either the perpetrators of crime or victims of crime themselves.

What we are seeing is a rise of a semi-permanent structures that are threatening to take an entire city block. These makeshift structures for the city’s homeless people are now becoming a recognizable part of the city’s landscape with barbeque grills and clusters of bikes alongside them. The mayor’s response to this problem has been to increase public spending on homelessness, but so far, he has done so little. I remember a few years back when the issue first hit the headlines, the mayor jumped into action with an ambitious plan to build emergency shelters for the homeless people in all the 15 districts. But as the mayor would soon realize it, building ‘emergency’ centers would not be easy. The plan has faced a vigorous resistance not just from the neighborhoods where the residents fear more crime and blight, but also from some within the homeless community who hold that it would be better living independently, and on the tents.

In June, Los Angeles released the results of their findings from their last and most recent count which showed that homelessness in the county was up 12 percent and 16 percent in the city. Yet, I fail to understand why communities around that state have been channeling more money into services for the homeless, like the L. A’s Measure H Sales tax, which adds $355 million each year into the arsenal. According to the advocates for the homeless, “Our housing crisis is our homeless crisis,” Elise Buik, president and chief executive of the United Way of Greater Los Angeles, told the New York Times. “And we’ve got to get people to understand that.”

References

Bachega, H. (2018, October 7). Homeless in US: A deepening crisis on the streets of America. BBC News. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-45442596

Gallagher, T. (2019). Homelessness Is a National Crisis. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from US News & World Report website: https://www.usnews.com/news/healthiest-communities/articles/2019-03-04/commentary-homelessness-is-a-national-crisis

Golgowski, N. (2019, August 2). America’s Homeless Crisis Is Inspiring New Acts Of Cruelty. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from HuffPost Canada website: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/cruel-ways-homeless-punished_n_5d35ee4ee4b004b6adb3cc7d?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ29vZ2xlLmNvbS8&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAAHN7daFMj-5yjz6nNgI0znyViy7KX_JFsjASpuy00yuHs8xMF9dmuPvjnn0kgOQOa4zfJUcZVoj-GVs55XmvnsabW4m-cvaE-DEcC2H2PauXBW3IvbLSqDVY8GVoUc-oJrFjpB39HFQTCn2WEGxYd-30_QkdTAJ04I2lsTVuRlbc

Homeless Populations Are Surging in Los Angeles. Here’s Why. (2019, June 5). The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/05/us/los-angeles-homeless-population.html

Moorhead, J. (2019). LA’s homeless crisis: too many tents, too few beds. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from CNN website: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/06/18/politics/los-angeles-homeless-crisis/index.html

Neiditch, D. (2017, April 18). How Bad is Homelessness In America? Retrieved August 20, 2019, from HuffPost website: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/how-bad-is-homelessness-in-america-really_b_58f6916de4b0c892a4fb736f

OAK Measure W – Vacant Property Tax. (2018, October 29). Retrieved August 20, 2019, from SPUR website: https://www.spur.org/voter-guide/oakland-2018-11/measure-w-vacant-property-tax

Reihan Salam. (2019, June 19). How to Solve Los Angeles’s Homelessness Crisis. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from The Atlantic website: https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/06/how-solve-los-angeless-homelessness-crisis/591976/

Smith, D. (2019, June 6). Garcetti faces heat over L.A.’s homeless crisis but remains optimistic. Is he being realistic? Retrieved August 20, 2019, from Los Angeles Times website: https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-eric-garcetti-homeless-housing-instagram-count-affordable-rise-20190606-story.html

Trent, S. (2018). Measure W proposes a tax on vacant properties in Oakland. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from Oakland North website: https://oaklandnorth.net/2018/11/01/measure-w-proposes-a-tax-on-vacant-properties-in-oakland/

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